The next generation cellular technology – coined as 5G Mobile or fifth generation cellular mobile technology is all set for deployment for commercial use, carriers all over the world are active on laying the groundwork for this more faster and more expansive wireless network technology. 5G the technology for future is almost here.
What is 5G ?
In layman’s term it is a superior faster wireless networking technology which can transfer data at a speed of 20Gb per second, which is far more than a wired network and offers a latency of less than 1 millisecond, which offers real-time feedback.
Apart from speed 5G offers an addtional feature of network slicing, which allows mobile operators to create multiple virtual networks within a single physical 5G network.
What would all these mean to a common user ?
Faster connectivity will boost technology like self-driving vehicles, drones, VR games and IoT (Internet of Things).
Usage of 5G
The following image may best represent the area of usage of the new technology.
The most significant growth is perhaps perceived in 5G enabled cellular mobile services, as the handheld device is the driving baton.
How the cellular carriers are gearing up to become 5G ready?
As network technology is carrier dependent, the operators or carriers play a major role in gearing up the technology.
All major technology companies are setting their goals to abreast the new technology – Global giants like AT&T has already announced of 5G hotspot routers by end of 2018, Lenovo’s vice president Chang Cheng has announced the launch of their 5G device on Chang Cheng on a Chinese microblogging site
Meanwhile, South Korea is expected to deploy its 5G network around March 2019, and since Samsung usually launches its Galaxy S phones in February or March, we might see this 5G phone around then. In addition, Samsung will most likely sell the phone in South Korea first
In US Houston, Los Angeles and Sacramento, California, Indianapolis will be the fourth US city to receive 5G residential broadband service from Verizon in October.
An interesting development in device manufacturers front Google has signed an agreement with Verizon as the exclusive carrier for its Google Pixel phones
Some companies, such as Lenovo, have already released a 5G-capable device. US carrier AT&T will sell a 5G hotspot router later this month. Meanwhile, other companies have announced specific 5G goals.
To help you keep tabs on when we can expect 5G phones, here’s what the major phone makers have announced, and not announced, about their 5G phone plans so far.
How Phone Companies are Gearing up to embrace the technology of the future ?
This could mean that Google’s next flagship, presumably called the Pixel 4, could be a 5G phone. If it sticks with its usual phone launch schedule, the Pixel 4 would debut around October 2019 — well after the first half of the year.
In August, Lenovo unveiled the Motorola Moto Z3, a phone that has 5G or a kind of 5G. It only connects to 5G with a Moto Mod modular accessory, which attaches to the back of the phone using magnetic pins. With the Mod, Motorola says the phone will deliver data 10 times faster than other 4G LTE devices. Unfortunately, the Mod is supposed to come out early next year, prices are still unknown
As for a Motorola phone that wouldn’t need an accessory to connect to 5G, the company is working on making such a device. Doug Michau, Motorola Mobility’s director of technical sales and operations, said that phone would come much later than early 2019.
In Mobile World Congress Shanghai in June, Huawei promised that its first 5G phone will go on sale “before the end of June 2019,” post releases its first 5G Kirin modem and processor in March 2019.
The phone is unlikely to hit the US market as Department of Defence calling them a security threat.
US government banned the sale of Huawei phones on US military bases and in March, retail giant Best Buy stopped selling them.
That doesn’t exactly spell the end of Huawei and its 5G ambitions, though. “Our products and solutions are used by major carriers, Fortune 500 companies and hundreds of millions of consumers in more than 170 countries around the world,” a Huawei spokesman said earlier this year. “We have earned the trust of our partners across the global value chain.”
When chipmaker Qualcomm unveiled its 5G partnerships in January, it included OnePlus as one of the many Chinese phone makers it was working with to make the first batch of 5G phones for 2019. Afterwards, OnePlus released the OnePlus 6 flagship, which supports Gigabit LTE speeds.
The upcoming 6T should have the same feature, and OnePlus co-founder Carl Pei confirmed that it’s continually working with 5G technology. “Our teams work very closely with Qualcomm’s teams in terms of tech and we’re involved early on in the R&D process,” said Pei in a May interview with CNET. “[But] I don’t want to commit to a timeline right now.”
In addition to Houston, Los Angeles and Sacramento, California, Indianapolis will be the fourth US city to receive 5G residential broadband service from Verizon.
Though Nokia isn’t the phone giant that it was 15 years ago, it’s still taking steps toward a 5G future. In July, it announced a $3.5 billion partnership with T-Mobile, which includes taking advantage of T-Mobile’s 600MHz spectrum to back its 5G network. 5G phones from this partnership are expected in 2019.
Nokia also stands to benefit from 5G in other ways. In addition to Qualcomm and Ericsson, the company has patent rights to 5G technology, and stands to make up to $3.50 for every 5G smartphone sold.
While the future of ZTE in the US is up in the air due to a recent (now lifted) ban on its phones because the company violated trade sanctions, we do know the Chinese phone company has been working on 5G phones.
In February 2017, the company demoed its Gigabit phone, which was capable of getting a 1 gigabit per second wireless connection (about 50 times faster than the average cellular speed in the US). But the phone was brought to the MWC trade show that year as a way to tout ZTE’s 5G readiness — a proof of concept, it wasn’t an actual phone.
At this year’s MWC, the company said it’s aiming to have 5G phones off the ground in either late 2018 or early 2019, but followed that up with a “late 2019” prediction.
5G for Nerds - Know all about the Technology
To discuss more on the technical front, the 5G technology comes with 8 specific requirements, on fulfilling the specific parameters it can be stated as 5G compliant.
8 Specific Requirements of 5G Technology
- Up to 100x connected devices per unit area compared to 4G LTE
- 1000x bandwidth per unit area
- Less than 1-millisecond latency.
- Upto 20GBps data rate – min 10GBps data rate
- 99.999% availability at any point of time
- 100% coverage on specified area
- Reduction of network energy up to 90%
- Up to 10 years of battery life for low powered IoT devices
If you want to know more about 5G cellular mobile and wireless technologies, you might consider buying the book listed below.
Written by leading experts in 5G research, this book is a comprehensive overview of the current state of 5G. Covering everything from the most likely use cases, spectrum aspects, and a wide range of technology options to potential 5G system architectures, it is an indispensable reference for academics and professionals involved in wireless and mobile communications. Global research efforts are summarised, and key component technologies including D2D, mm-wave communications, massive MIMO, coordinated multi-point, wireless network coding, interference management and spectrum issues are described and explained. The significance of 5G for the automotive, building, energy, and manufacturing economic sectors is addressed, as is the relationship between IoT, machine type communications, and cyber-physical systems. This essential resource equips you with a solid insight into the nature, impact and opportunities of 5G.